Muammar Gaddafi’s forty-two year rule over Libya came to an end when he was ousted in the Libyan civil war in 2011. Four years after the so-called Arab Spring, the North African country is in a dire state. Oil-rich country Libya, with its small population, suffers from chaotic decline and is in the recent situation a threat to the neighbouring countries as well as Europe. With two opposing regimes at power, the Islamic State is becoming more active and with the U.S. and its European partners trying to keep out of the country, Libya is hardly a state at all right now. Is there time to solve this crisis in a political way or is it too late as ISIS is establishing a significant cell?
In 2014, the United States has seen the greatest number of measles cases since the disease was declared eliminated in 2000. The same trend can also be seen in many European countries. For that reason, the discussion about vaccination is back on the agenda and with it a debate about this public health issue, in which people seem to be making decisions based on their beliefs rather than facts. Many scientists have taken action and are trying to argue against the sceptics. The deniers’ beliefs lie mainly in a study which has been refuted many times. Nevertheless, the debate surrounding measles has intensified and has become a debate about politics rather than science, beliefs over facts.
The origin of the organisation that is today known and feared as Boko Haram was a clash between moderate and militant islamic teachings at the Mahammadu Ndimi Mosque in Northeastern Nigeria. Boko Haram’s former leader and founder, Mohammed Yusuf, was a preacher at the mosque, well known for both his charming personality and his radical beliefs. Mohammed Yusuf was later expelled from the Ndimi Mosque Committee due to his radical interpretations of the Quran. Thus, he set out to build his own mosque, and especially focused on attracting primary and secondary school students, hoping that they, in response to his religious teachings, would give up their westernised education.